Effective Philosophy Essay Samples for Learning

Philosophy classes are a staple of modern university education. It is a science necessary for developing reflective and analytical skills; it teaches to view the world from a critical perspective. Essays about philosophy, which discuss, evaluate, summarize, criticize, or contest different ideas and views on life may often leave students confused, especially when no samples are provided. In this short article, you will learn about different types of essays you may encounter in your exams or assignments. Below you will also find philosophy essay examples, as well as templates, which will help you structure and format your writing to guarantee success!

The Most Common Types of Essays on Philosophy

Philosophy essay assignments can be split into two large groups, depending on the type:

  • Expository: A paper of this type requires the student to summarize and explain someone else’s ideas the way they understood it, without offering any criticism of said ideas;
  • Argumentative: A more complex type of assignment, it requires both to explain and evaluate the merits of an idea or an argument.

Besides these two major types, students are often required to write personal

statements, expressing their views on future career, personal ethics, and so forth. This type of assignment is very common in health education, to the point of being a requirement for every doctor or a nurse to have one. A personal statement typically lacks many of the rigid requirements of the conventional academic essay. It is more free-form, and allows for using first-person pronouns, which are considered taboo in other types of assignments.

Most Common Topics

Prompts on philosophy can cover a plethora of subjects. Nevertheless, the majority of university courses teach some of the basic tenets of the science. These include region-specific philosophies, such as ancient Greek as the bedrock of western philosophy, and Chinese philosophy, which served as a basis for eastern cultures. Famous thinkers of the West include Aristotle, Plato, Socrates, and Kant, whereas eastern philosophy is commonly presented by Lao Tzu and Confucius. Some papers may be dedicated to specific elements of our lives, such as questions about suffering, depression, death, and free will.

Citation Styles

Essays on philosophy often require working with primary or secondary sources. These can be acquired in university libraries or databases available online. Citing your sources is an important aspect of academic rigor, as plagiarism is prohibited everywhere. APA style of citation is frequently used in philosophy assignments. Citation styles tend to differ one edition from another. Make sure you cite your sources using the latest version! Currently, most universities utilize the 7th edition of APA style. Some learning facilities, particularly in the UK, prefer Harvard style, often specialized to their specific needs. Contact your professor if you have any questions about citing styles, or search for information online.

Essays on philosophy are very common assignments in colleges and universities. Students involved in humanitarian sciences, healthcare studies, IB, and others may find themselves having to write prompts on philosophy and the development of thinking and ideas. On this site you may find free examples, templates, citation instructions, and more.

This site is accessible by all common apps on smartphones, tablets, laptops, or personal computers. We hope our assistance was useful for you! Follow our examples, avoid plagiarism, and make sure to cite your sources properly. Good luck studying!

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731 Perfect Paper Examples on Philosophy for Improved Grades

3 ways to manage your time and boost productivity

Many people believe that all they need to do to remain productive is schedule blocks of time to work on given tasks. For a maker, a meeting in the middle of the day is a nuisance.

Summarize the argument of one philosopher

November 3, Timmons Argument about Divine Command Theory The Divine Command Theory is based on the assumption or the idea that everything that is wrong or right is dictated by God's commands. This is the basis of context sensitivity which explains the application or the sensitivity of an action in a given moral context.

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Key points presented by philosophers in the 17th century

However, despite of all the disappointments brought about by the human government to the society through the threads of history, philosophers from the olden times up until the present era still believes that the human society could not exist in an organized manner without the existence of a concrete government in authority. To him, government is a factor


What is perfection? What is culture?

Plato and the dual world essay

He insisted then that the real knowledge was in the understanding of the Forms or Ideas, or what he called the " visions of truth". The first is a pure logical world that existed for itself and had equal validity to the world of the senses.

Phil 102

The contradiction in this case is the inability to harbor freedom and remains good in pursuit of ethics. Thus, we should take the sense of ethics with a pinch of salt and not to be caged in reflecting good or freedom only.

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Structuralism originated in the structural linguistics of Ferdinand de Saussure and the subsequent Prague and Moscow schools of linguistics.[1] Just as structural linguistics was facing serious challenges from the likes of Noam Chomsky and thus fading in importance in linguistics, structuralism appeared in academia in the second half of the 20th century and grew to become one of

David hume’s moral philosophy analysis

I think that in such a way he wants to show that business and decision-making should natural and instinctive. David Hume concludes that there are four categories of qualities necessary for moral business running and decision-making: 1.

Pick the most suitable and easiest to you

Under Justified True Belief, knowledge and the meaning contained in sentences can be derived using the below set of conditions, which are necessary and mutually sufficient: S knows that p P is true, S believes that P, and, S is justified in believing that P. The Gettier problem refers to a philosophical reasoning that questions whether something that

Just war/military ethics

Just War Just War Just war in the criteria by which nations lawfully and ethically qualify war to be a correct of action for particular reasons. The theory of just war dates back to the works of early Greek and Roman philosophers, Aristotle and Cicero who brought about the discussion on justifiable reasons to take life or go

Analysis of love and hate philosophy essay

This attitude or perspective, which is usually unrecognized as a perspective, Edmund Husserl terms the " natural attitude" or the " natural theoretical attitude" This natural attitude is that state of affairs in which we live before we have engaged in philosophy.[2]This natural attitude is commonly known by man as the ordinary and normal way of perceiving such

Western and eastern philosophy

The question of being and non-being is the one of the main concepts in understanding of origin of the universe. In consequence, Eastern philosophy is characterized by concepts of being and non-being, it focuses on the present moment, which is not interested in the future and the past.

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Extending rights within humanity

According to Gomes, the numbers of same-sex couples as well as same-sex couples that are raising children are rising every year, and these couples deserve the same recognition that is given to heterosexual couples in choosing to make their relationships legal. There are many arguments that support the position of legalizing same-sex marriage, but the strongest is the

What time you call this?

The repairman started fixing the elevator, he took out a few tools, a pner, screw driver and a hand drill, he tried and tried to open the jammed elevator but it would not open, Mrs Foster saw this so she offered to help, " do you need help there mister?"" Well", he said with a surprised face "

Sexuality at different life stages assignment

The therapist would then translate data as a simplified version of advice for the child, to be capable of using them as their own rather than something that was becoming an imposition upon them as their own rather than something imposed on the child." Laying down the law" is not likely to be s effective as providing information

Personal philosophy of education essay sample

The way the teacher handles a student and the way the student get exactly what the teacher try to explain is something to be focused on and that is what creates the philosophy of the link which is created between the student and the course, books, notes without which no student can do better performance and no teacher

Textual analysis

The Concept of Beauty The concept of beauty is ive and variable because different individuals will interpret an object as beautiful based on their personal perspective and environmental factors. Thus, the concept of beauty is meaningless to an individual who denies there is beauty in an object or an idea of the same.

What is sensation and perception philosophy essay

The absolute threshold shows the capability of how we are barely able to see the difference in the stimuli and able to perceive it, while the difference threshold is us not being able to notice the difference and that is better known as the Just Noticeable Difference. The seeing process occurs when light reflects from objects and onto

Sommers philosophy

The young people also prefer going to such places as cinemas and swimming at the expense of going to church. On the other side, when I am at school I spend most of the time chatting with friends, discussing the TV programs and movies, as well as playing games.

Example of essay on nietzsches problem with socrates vulgarity

Nietzsche begins the fifth part of " The Problem of Socrates" in his book Twilight of the Idols, or How to Philosophize with a Hammer by informing the reader the important change that this Greek philosopher had introduced: dialectics." With Socrates, Greek taste takes a turn in favor of dialectic". The answer to the question that Nietzsche asks


Mill refers to the argument of opponents of utilitarianism that utility is opposed to pleasure as an ignorant blunder. This is the reason why he considers it a measure of ignorance to claim that utilitarianism is against pleasure.6.

Zen – past present future essay sample

It is often linked to the religion of Buddhism as the foundation of thinking and practice, however, Zen can be acquired not only through the practice of Buddhism. The higher the expectation in life, the more effort one will have to put in to achieve it and the harder it will be to find happiness.

Cyper ethics

Cyber Ethics Homework Section Response to question 2 In his book, On Liberty, Mill explains " tyranny of the majority" as a scenario whereby, decisions made are in accordance with the will of the people or those who succeeded in making themselves accepted as the majority. He explains that this is as a result of increase in the

My five categories

Considering ethics, according to philosopher Berdyaev he affirms that ethics is the backbone of philosophy since it is concerned with sin, which is the origin of moral and evil. Therefore, the basis of considering this philosopher in this evaluation is that he believes or acknowledges God.

Economic suspense

In support of this claim, the article asserts that surprise is highly valued by the audience. In addition to this, the approach provides a unified outline for human behavior.

The effects of missing letters to the reading comprehension

Specifically, the study aimed to determine if there was a difference between the scores obtained in the Pre-test and the scores obtained in the Post- Test. Specifically, the study aimed to: 1.to determine the highest rating of the scores obtained in the Pre-test by the 2nd year BS IT students of Cavite State University.2.to determine the highest rating

What is the relation between reason and ethics

The question that has been posed to explain the relationship between the two is whether reason contributes to ethical behavior. This is the reason why Plato highlighted that one must use the power of reason I order to exhibit ethical behavior.

It is up to you

Moral Relativism Relativism is the concept that all opinions or points of view are equally valid and is a to one's perception and consideration. Cultural relativism and moral relativism share a lot of similarities and it is widely believed that after World War II, following the popularization of the principle of cultural relativism, the term " cultural relativism"

Racial profiling

This causes discrimination of Muslims by citizens and the law enforcement officers. This has helped prevent other attacks and paralyze the operation of terrorist cells in USA.

Experience with paramahansa yogananda’s self realization fellowship the lake shrine

The bird's togetherness made me meditate and came to reality that God and the essence of unity created all. The writings on them were uplifting and people gathered around in meditation and repentance.

The rig veda and the aryan thinking

This fear of death reflects the Aryan view of life and death. The Aryan view of life and death is affected by " Logic Thinking" which is a characteristic of Aryan thinking.

The blindside

The blindside movie versus the book Robert ward Chowan University This paper was prepared for [critical thinking102, section c], taught by Professor Collins Blindside truths and lies In the movie the blindside there are many truths and differences from the book. One of the most disputed facts was when in the movie did Michael ever have a bed

Summary of the platos allegory of the cave

Summary of the Plato's Allegory of the Cave Introduction Plato's Allegory of the Cave is also popularly known by the of Analogy of the Cave orthe Parable of the Cave or simply Plato's Cave. Plato's Allegory of the Cave: Summary Plato's Allegory of the Cave evolves from the precognitive base that human minds can think and relate to

Essay on philosophy of counseling

I allow various theoretical models to grow on me and as I applied them to clients and tested them out, I was able to make them my own. I like who I am and what I do and that gives me the confidence to be efficient to my client, I could never be a therapist and listen and

Science is value neutral

The paper " The Nature and Place of Science in the World" is a great version of an essay on science. People have myriad ways of understanding and thinking about science: to some, it is a golden child which will bring truth and beauty into the world, to others, it creates devilish monstrosities which should not even be

How has the concept of free will and individual freedom

For Aristotle, the universe is a kind of life form which is commanded by a higher authority, that laws of nature preside over our world. The order of humans is now realised to be a product of human intellect.

Interview report

The man is interested in artistry and seems to enjoy his work at the pub. To me, I view him as a perfect example and a living demonstration that age is just but a number.

Rerum novarum, especially its treatment of socialism and capitalism

Treatment of Socialism and Capitalism The church has different ways through which it views the two ideologies of socialism andcapitalism. However, most of the tendencies are of socialism are not championed and agitated for by the church.

Exploration of form simulations

The greater the similarity of the tonal color of an object to the tone of the background, the more it will seem to recede toward the background. In a two-dimensional picture, the illusion of depth is created in several ways.

Human service interview assignment

The class is small so I can have " eyes in the back of my head" and give students the attention they needs.7. I think because I have found a balance in the way to teach them and counsel them, I do not have to separate the two.10.

Complexity of human being and their moral actions

Discussion The complexity of human beings is evidenced in their moral actions since all moral actions are a product of moral and ethical reasoning. Kant uses reason as a faculty which he considers is the way that human complexity in terms of reasoning and decision-making can be reduced and evaluated.


The first things that I would like to do with an amount of one million dollar are spend it in such a way so that I can reap its benefits over a long period of time. 23 Feb.2014.

Oral questions

On the other hand, Aristotle claimed that recognizing the right thing was not enough, and one should act in a good manner so as to develop a routine of doing good. Platos Allegory of the Cave In the allegory of the cave, Plato likens individuals inexperienced in the form's theory to convicts in a cave, attached to the


In this article, I will discuss the disadvantages of abortions, and some of the long-term effects one has to carry on after the procedure. I will also discuss on the legal nature of the act and the religious view of the practice.

Reaction paper: hobbes’ leviathan and rousseau’s discourse on the origin and the foundations of inequality among men

Hobbes Leviathan and Rousseaus Dis on the Origin and the Foundations of Inequality among Men Hobbes view man as anobject in motion, according to him, men are materialistic. Hobbes view on state of nature was different from that of Rousseau in that he believed that all men are naturally equal.

Public speaking assignment

It was a great way to read the chapters and understand it to answer the questions. It helped a lot to read the chapters in the book because it was connected to the questions found in the exams.

African philosophy

A) As a result of the incestuous act, the jackal obtained the gift of speech by laying his hands on fibers of language. B) The incestuous act became the reason of the flow of menstrual blood.

The dilemma of jehovah’s witness children who need blood to survive

Based on this belief, this paper is going to analyze the dilemma of the case of a child of Jehovah's Witness whose life was in danger and was subjected to blood transfusion against the will of his parents. The dilemma of Jehovah's Witness children who need blood to survive.

My philosophy of education persuasive essay

Instead of planning lessons that were teacher centred, I began to make the focus of my lessons be the students; as it rightfully should. From the moment that I began to plan lessons that were more student centred, I noticed a drastic change in my students' behaviour, demeanour and their general response as the lesson progressed.

Apology of socrates by plato argumentative essay

So, Socrates believed that the transformation of his behavior is closely linked to the moment of instruction. His behavior and his speech both contribute to explaining the philosophy of Socrates life.

National philosophy of education – assignment

The challenges are the lack of exposure on Emotional Intelligence in classroom, poverty among Malaysian students and negative impacts due to the advancement of technology. A project paper entitled Problem-Oriented Project Based Learning in Environmental Management and Technology states that it is an at present challenge for the universities in Malaysia to produce employable graduates due to the

Psych exam

Roy is interested in the details of the relationship between the brain structures and behavior. In his experiment, eating or not eating the snack is the independent variable, and the time until the onset of sleep is the dependent variable.

The psychological context of bystanders apathy

The Psychological Context of Bystander's Apathy The case of Kitty Genovese was a sensational event which had become a of much discussion in the field of Psychology in recent times. The reaction was based on available information and not a show of unconcern.

Defining the self

The existence of God is one that has caused controversy in the literary world. This is because it is a belief that a larger majority of the world shares.

Martin buber’s – i and thou essay sample

I-Thou is a relation of subject-to-subject, while I-It is a relation of subject-to-object. In the I-Thou relation, the being of the I belongs both to I and to Thou.

Essay on the present-at-hand and the ready-at-hand in heideggers philosophy

The methodology that Heidegger carves out for us is the path of the philosopher who is trying to roadmap a way to being, but where the end of the road is not something that is just absolutely there. Dasein is that being which asks the question, " Why is there something rather than nothing?" But as Dreyfus says

Hermeneutics: interpretation theory in schleiermacher

This historical account is important in explaining away the expansion of scope from a technique of interpretation of biblical meaning to a way of understanding the conditions of understanding in general. A lot of the deconstruction of hermeneutics for Palmer is based largely on the work and perspectives of Gadamer, who attempted to go deeper than utterances in


However, the Russian Revolution of 1917 and the influence of the Suprematism movement of 1915 brought about the birth of Constructivism, the modernistic architectural style of Russia from 1924-1932. The brief period that followed the 1917 Revolution marked the beginning of the influence of the avant-garde Constructivist movement in the structure and design of major buildings.

Once upon a time x constant image of your face

In the poem " It is the Constant Image of Your Face" the persona chooses his woman over his county. In the second poem, " It is the Constant Image of Your Face" the persona reflects on the image of someone he cares for.

What philosophy is

From the root words Philo and Sophia, it is understood that philosophy is the love of wisdom. It would also be the search for truth which is vital to people like the meaning of life, what is the purpose of one's existence and the like.

Conservatives favour pragmatism over principle

Their ideas may be based upon the idea of tradition; which aligns itself with the Darwinian belief that only the fittest policies have survived over the years- and have created what Chesterton called the ' democracy of the dead' which is much more reputable than todays ' arrogant oligarchy'. Although one could argue that these conservatives are unaware

Lan based time keeping & payrol system ama computer

Reasons for the Choice: Since sales and stocks inventory is seen as the main core and repository of records related to the entire business transactions. Target users and Beneficiaries: The target users and beneficiaries of the proposed system is the owner of the business, employers and their customers.VII.

Belief in god essay sample

Blaise Pascal's believes if we do a cost-benefit analysis of the matter, we find that it is eminently reasonable to get ourselves to believe that God does exists regardless of whether we have good evidence for that belief. However we must make a choice on this matter, for not to choose for God is in effect to choose

Definition love

Love is something that makes us feel appreciated, helps develop character, and gives us a reason to live. Love is the greatest gift that we can give to someone because it is freely given and freely received.

The american approach to sport and physical education in the 20th century

The American Approach to Sport and Physical Education in the 20th Century While two of the famous sports including basketball and volleyball have been invented in New England, baseball, football and hockey are more popular in the region as compared to the home invented sports. Gender and equality factors played a great role in the development of women's

My finial project reflection

2) Explain why you are asking the question and be sure to relate the question to our readings and discussions. 5) If you feel limited in your ability to answer the question then explain how and why you feel limited.

Ancient greek political thought

Through the said goal to achieve goodness and happiness, one of the main concerns is the subjectivity of the views of the people. For that matter, it can be considered that in the quest for one's happiness, it is important to consider the needs of other people.

Ibn roshd

Ibn Rushd Ibn Rushd, Averroes or Abul-Walid Ibn Rushd who lived from 1126 to 1198, believed that there is harmony betweenreligion and philosophy. Ibn Rushd: The Philosopher of Cordoba.2010.

My educational philosophy a reflective comparison

As an educationist I need to be enthusiastically attentive of the place I participate in a pupil 's existence. A In any circumstance I will help pupils in their hunt of their individuality immediate to the extended ends of instruction.

Organisational psychology

Organizational Psychology Learning Leadership Firstly, I would like to admit, that such characters as Richard Brandson can be main heroes in a movie or in a book just as Harry Potter's type leaders are. Harry Potter teaches that leader must be supported and directed on a way, so such a leader can continue some eternal path, fighting for

Key words definition

Avant-garde is against the social norms, and rejects the traditional art form and criteria of art, which is considered as pretty and beautiful. The Subject The, notion of ' the subject' is thought of as a person, who has conscious mind and feel complete.

Dualism by plato and descartes

Their differences lies in the treatment of the mind and soul with regard to the body which Plato accepts and where Descartes rejects the idea that the soul is identical with the body and Plato's belief of the pre-existence of the soul. While Descartes thought the soul is necessary to animate the body, Plato thought that the soul

A critical review on power philosophy essay

There are also some other arguments in the books, including the basis on which the process of power can be identified on the three dimensional view of power, the relation between power and responsibility, and individual's capacity to be autonomous, but since they are mostly derived from, and based on the notion of ' real interests' and '

David hume and naturalism

Hume emphasizes that both humans and other animals make predictions and explanations about the world, and all of this is because of experiencing nature. Therefore, it is the senses of all beings observing nature that create emotions, thoughts, and experiences.

Explain and evaluate hume’s ideas on causation

According to Hume, there is a need to justify and rationalize on the evidence presented in order to belief about the things of the universe especially when these evidences are unobservable presented. Hume and the Problem of Miracles: A Solution.

Why does ruse say that creationism should not be understood as a science

Creationism and the Christian creation story found in the book of genesis of the bible are inextricably tied as it is the creation story that lays the foundation for creationism. It is Ruse's position that the beliefs discussed above that constitute creation-science should not even be understood as a science at all and as thus has no place

Jefferson and rousseau influences

Rousseau's " The Origin of Civil Society," provides a foundation for most of Jefferson's ideas in " The Declaration of Independence. In Jefferson's mind, the physical " Might" of the British is controversial in considering the colonies' right to establish a new government.

Accomplishment as an acquired skill in life

I have a wealth of things I have accomplished, however, I am modest but I do strive to always perform at my very best. I believe it is through my strength and willingness to learn and improve my life in all aspects that has made it possible for my dreams to come true.

Compare and contrast the ideas of government between thomas hobbes and john locke

They also had very similar views in certain aspects of how the government and society should operate, Hobbes and Locke were passionate towards politics, they also believed in the state and laws of nature. Both agreed on people being equal and free, and that there should be a sort of government or sovereign but they disagreed on how

Philosophy of david hume in response to rene descartes

Show how the philosophy of David Hume was a response to the philosophy of Rene Descartes, and how the Philosophy of Immanuel Kant was a response to the philosophy of David Hume. Since an a priori knowledge is essential to rationalists, Descartes subjects the ' senses' to doubt and substantiates his perspective of rationalism with a series of

Concepts of the dao de jing

According to the Internet encyclopedia of philosophy, the term Daodejing come be split to form the dao, Now according to the Chinese philosophers, Dao means "the way". The reason behind this is the based on the fact that the term is used as a nominative and at the same time as the verb.

Adult education philosophy

His model of learning included five stages: first, the student had to become aware of the problem; next they had to be able to define the problem; then they needed to propose a hypothesis to try to solve the problem; next they had to evaluate the consequences of the hypothesis based on their own experience; and finally they

Theories of personality

Behavior in Social and Cultural Context: The personality of a person is influenced by the cultural and social atmosphere around the person. Therefore we can come to the conclusion that one personality goes through different stages in life and each stage is influenced by the social and cultural atmosphere.

Answer two questions

There are two doctrines that seek to expound the responsibility of God and man in the issue of salvation. According to the doctrine of Calvinism, salvation is determined by the power of God.

The logic of descarte and pierce

In this case Pierce advises that one should think accordingly on how he or she is inclined to think and not be bound by a set of principles that are based on calculations. Descartes first and second meditation imply that external factors like other people's interpretation of an opinion affect a person's belief on that opinion.

Definition of time

For instance, since the environment or background is oblivious to the subject, there would be predominance in hues of grey or dark and matte colors. At the focal point would be the subject being interpreted in a challenging and trying scenario, seen visually in the contoured image or through the clear facial expression of exemplifying worry, anxiety, depression,

Exercise assignments

Determinism This is the philosophical thought that each occasion or state of undertakings, including each human choice and movement, is the unavoidable and important outcome of predecessor states of issues. At the end of the day, the perspectives of believers in the doctrine shows that everything is controlled by the way of presence and past human impact.

Philosophy questions

They told him that he was the wisest person; Socrates tries to figures out the truth in the statement by wishing to justify the fact that he was not wise but ignorant.3. Who improves the youth and with this group of those that benefit the youth, how does Socrates show that it is absurd that he could be

Philosophy final essay

The Determinism argues that everything in the world is in some kinds of causal relationships; all the movements of the world are determined by natural laws. As a result, the freedom cannot be used to describe the will, and I think this is the biggest weakness of the Libertarianism.

The ten plagues of egypt

All the people in Egypt were feeling pretty low, They told Pharaoh " Let them Go! " Then God sent, Plague number four, Filthy? All the people in Egypt were feeling pretty low, They told Pharaoh " Let them Go! " Then God sent, Plague number?

Incident at morales

Incident at Morales Incident at the Morales outlines the challenges associated with proposing an original plant in Morales in Mexico, and the outcomes of the violation of the ethical standards of engineers. YouTube, 7 May.2014.Web.


The magnitude and essence of the gift should be essential to the receiver, nut not to the donor save that the best thing one can offer is that which is appreciated. The rationale that we hold on to that we are supposed to donate our few hours or minutes to a children hospital ward, though through, generalizes and

Socrates as one of the well-known philosophers

He pushed the youth to oppose the local government to a point that they had even lost trust in the local system and is one of the charges that he was set to face. He sought to show that the fact that he was the only person with the ability or rather the strength to speak aloud regarding